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One Inch Fibonacci 128 is a tiny, beautiful 25.4mm circular disc with 128 RGB LEDs surface mounted in a Fibonacci distribution. Swirling and pulsing like a miniature galaxy, it’s mesmerizing to watch.

It consists of 128 XL-1010RGBC-WS2812B 1mm² RGB LEDs, arranged into a circular Fermat’s spiral pattern.

It has solder pads on the back that match the pinout of the QT Py by Adafruit, or XIAO by Seeed. It can be used by any microcontroller via the 5V, GND, and Data In pins. It also has a Data Out pad, for connecting more LEDs on the same data pin.

The three mounting holes are surrounded by capacitive touch compatible pads. They’re connected to the A0-A2 pads/pins on the QT Py footprint. The SAMD21 QT Py supports capacitive touch on these pins.

In disc phyllotaxis, as in the sunflower and daisy, the mesh of spirals occurs in Fibonacci numbers because divergence (angle of succession in a single spiral arrangement) approaches the golden ratio. The shape of the spirals depends on the growth of the elements generated sequentially. In mature-disc phyllotaxis, when all the elements are the same size, the shape of the spirals is that of Fermat spirals—ideally. That is because Fermat's spiral traverses equal annuli in equal turns. The full model proposed by H Vogel in 1979[2] is

r = c \sqrt{n},
\theta = n \times 137.508^\circ,

where θ is the angle, r is the radius or distance from the center, and n is the index number of the floret and c is a constant scaling factor. The angle 137.508° is the golden angle which is approximated by ratios of Fibonacci numbers.[3]

Fermat's spiral. (2015, October 24). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 02:45, February 24, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fermat%27s_spiral


Specifications

  • Size: 1.0 x 1.0 x .063 inch (25.4 x 25.4 x 1.6 mm)
  • 2 layer printed circuit board
  • FR4 substrate
  • Black or Purple SMOBC (solder mask over bare copper)
  • HASL (Hot Air Solder Leveling) or ENIG (electroless nickel immersion gold) Finish
  • Designed in the US by Evil Genius Labs
  • Some PCBs are manufactured in the US by OSH Park
  • Some are assembled in the US by Evil Genius Labs

Code

Open source touch demo: https://github.com/jasoncoon/fibonacci128-touch-demo/tree/f128-one-inch

Assembly Instructions

Note: Double-check the position, alignment, and orientation of each component very carefully before soldering!

If you’re new to soldering, I highly recommend reading through a good soldering tutorial, such as the ones by Adafruit and SparkFun.

  1. Find a clean spot on your soldering workspace. I used a piece of heavy card stock. Carefully place the board with the LEDs facing down and the bottom of the board facing up.
  2. VERY carefully check polarity before connecting 5V and GND.
  3. Either:
    • Solder wires to the pads on the back of the Fibonacci PCB and connect them to your microcontroller.
    • Or:
    • Carefully align a Pixelblaze V3 Pico Adafruit QT Py, Seeeduino XIAO, or another controller with an identical footprint with the pads on the back of the Fibonacci PCB. Solder the pads.
  4. Each XL-1010RGBC-WS2812B can theoretically draw 15mA at full brightness, solid white color. 128 of them can theoretically draw 1.92A. I’ve found tha is blindingly bright, and brightness should be drastically reduced to keep current draw and heat down.
  5. Keep an eye on the temperature of the PCB and especially the connectors. High temperatures can reduce the life of the LEDs. When possible, ensure air can flow, either passively (ventilation) or actively (exhaust fan).
  6. If using a Pixelblaze V3 Pico, I suggest using the low power settings (reduce the global brightness, CPU clock speed, and/or disable wi-fi) to reduce power usage and heat.
  7. If using FastLED, I suggest using its power management to limit the maximum brightness to a reasonable amount, well under the maximum your power supply is rated for.

Case Assembly Instructions

  1. Peel and remove any protective plastic and/or paper film from the acrylic.
  2. Insert M2x10mm Button Head Hex Screws into the holes in the matte side of the acrylic face plate.
  3. Carefully center and place the Fibonacci PCB onto the screws, with the LED side facing the glossy side of the acrylic face plate.
  4. Center and place the back plate onto the screws. The back plate should fit flush against the back of the PCB.
  5. Hand-tighten M2 Hex Nuts onto the screws.